What is this all about?
I created this series so I can help others. Over the recent years, I have noticed an increase of incidents involving bouncers(security) becoming involved in altercations and having to resort to lethal methods to neautralize threats or just survive the engagement.
Many of these instances result in the security person going to prison for "accidentlly" maiming or killing the unruly patron or attacker, resulting in the descruction of the families of those who have been harmed. Not to mention the hundreds of thousands or millions of dollars in liablity costs to the security person, the establishment that they work for, and their underwriters. I believe this is mainly due to lack of training, and/or using the wrong tools to get the job done.
So I have put together tactics that I have found easy to learn, easy to apply, and that will work for most anyone regardless of size, stature, or gender.
What is Progressive P.C.T.?
P.C.T. is an acronym for Physical Control Tactics. That is techniques used to get an unruly subject under control, or out of harm's way. Progressive P.C.T. is an evolving, effective, practical, and safe methodology of neutralizing dangerous subjects designed specifically for constabulary professionals such as bouncers, bodyguards, security professionals, and of course those in law enforcement. The tactics in this system will work for most anyone regardless of size, stature, or gender.
Constabulary professionals have a daunting task compared to others in society. They must wade in, or more often than not, dive into the thick of trouble and still maintain a professional demeanor. This is usually while being verbally assaulted, threatened, pushed, pulled, kicked, punched, scratched, bitten, shot at, or spat upon. Constabulary professionals must maintain this demeanor mainly to avoid law suits especially here in the U.S. These professionals usually represent entities or establishments that can be held liable for their actions if they loose control and seriously hurt, maim, or kill someone in an engagement while on the job. However, the basic hand-to-hand (P.C.T.) training that they receive (IF they are given any training at all), tends to be rudimentary, and not always effective in any given situation. If they have training above what they may have been given by their representative establishments the tactics they use may be inappropriate, thus resulting in injury or death to either the professional or the subject, or both.
ProPCT, for short, is comprised of techniques, and concepts drawn primarily from the following martial arts: Kali (Filipino Martial Arts), Silat (Indonesian Martial Art), Thai Boxing, bound together with J.K.D. concepts from the late Bruce Lee. These techniques are not put together in a hodge-podge manner but are spliced together to become a seamless form that takes an opponent where you want them to go based on their actions. Techniques chosen must meet certain criteria based on my own personal experiences as a club doorman, as well as my 25+ years of martial arts training. The tactics must be:
- Easy to learn and retain
- Does not put the professional at risk while performing the action
- Does not exceed the use of force necessary for neutralization of the subject; or uses the minimal amount of force necessary to still be effective.
- The interview - where you are trying to negotiate with the subject and either de-escalate or avoid conflict
- Ejection - where it becomes necessary to physically move/remove an individual to a position of safety; for bouncers that usually means outside.
- Restraint - here, at this stage, it becomes necessary to securely hold the subject until back up arrives, or to prevent the subject from hurting his/herself or those around them, or to make an arrest. This is usually the byproduct of some sort of takedown.
The Interview is the stage where two opposing parties are sizing each other up. This tends to be while psyching themselves up and preparing for a physical confrontation. You can see the interview happen between two groups, or individuals, as well as between a subject and a professional. Usually it can begin when the constabulary professional asks a subject for their ID or some other pertinent information. At this stage the professional is usually assessing whether the subject is going to be a threat or not. They are using their senses to size up the subject's physiological make up; are they displaying signs of intoxication? Do they smell intoxicated? Are they displaying signs of aggression; hunched shoulders, frowning face, glaring eyes, clinched or hidden hands, pacing. Do they sound aggressive, or is the answer to the interview inappropriate? Like, "F*** you! I don't need no stinkin' ID!!".
Usually this is the stage where de-escalation attempts are going to be their most effective. For example: Two parties square off over a spilled drink. The bouncer draws the offended party aside and offers to replace the drink to remedy the situation. Or an officer pulls over a motorist who is visibly nervous. They officer may offer a lighter tone of voice or even a smile to ease the tension …especially if the purpose for the stop is a non-offense.
However, in my experience not every situation is de-escalate-able. Sometimes people are under the influence of a controlled substance and/or are out looking for trouble so no matter what de-escalation attempts are made a fight is imminent. Since by its nature the interview is at close range, usually less than 3 feet, physical assault can happen suddenly and without warning. It then becomes necessary to neutralize the subject quickly with out injuring him or her. This is where understanding the art and science of Body Manipulation come into play. Here we will draw on tactics from the little known Filipino Martial Arts sub-system of Dumog.
Dumog (doo'mog) is a system of Filipino wrestling. Dumog techniques are comprised of a variety of pushes, pulls, weight shifts, and joint wrenches designed to move an opponent. In Progressive P.C.T. starting from The Interview we will look at ways to "eject" or move an uncooperative subject using dumog-based tactics. Dumog has proven to be a very effective and efficient means of gaining control of, or moving an unruly subject that is easy to learn and apply. Ejection is the logical step from an interview that has become escalated.
This simply means moving the subject to a position of safety. Sometimes that means body manipulating a subject to the hood of a squad car or wall to implement an arrest, or for the bodyguard, it could mean shifting the principle out of harms way, such as a falling ladder or speeding bullet. For the bouncer it usually means, "escorting" the subject outside of the bar or nightclub. More often than not the subject will resist attempts at being moved, then it becomes imperative to gain greater control over the angered subject quickly.
Thus, in ProPCT the Kali Lock-Flow is brought into play. Kali is synonymous with the terms for the Filipino Martial Arts Escrima or Arnis. It literally means "body motion". A Kali Lock-Flow is highlighted in the late Sifu Larry Hartsell's Jeet June Do: Counterattack Grappling Counters and Reversals (c. 1987). The lock-flow is introduced here, because it is usually the next step towards neutralization once a subject has escaped or resisted attempts at Body Manipulations.
In a "situation", it is very important to hone the ability to flow with, or follow your opponent. A lock-flow goes from one lock, or wrench to the next, based on the energy that is given from your opponent as they try to escape, or negate your efforts. The ability to feel what your opponent is going to do next keeps you at least one step ahead of them. If a lock-flow is trained diligently, and with the proper mind-set, the professional could be up to 3-6 moves ahead in their next confrontation with a non-compliant subject. This will give the constabulary professional an invaluable tactical edge for efficiently neutralizing a threat.
In a lock-flow there are wrenches, transition locks, and submission locks/holds. Wrenches act as a painful jolt to the body thereby off balancing or distracting the subject by quickly hyper-extending a joint. If extended too far a break or permanent injury could result. Transition locks are placeholders employed to keep the subject off balance while moving to the more secure lock or hold. A Submission lock or hold is where the subject must comply due to pain applied to their joints; or their attacks are neutralized because they are being held in a position that does not allow them to further attack or resist. Holds do not necessarily involve pain compliance techniques. Holds, in ProPCT being defined differently than locks, tend to put the subject into a position of compliance that does not allow them to retaliate. Some chokes could be considered holds. However, they are avoided in ProPCT due to their very nature. Note that there are 2 types of chokes, vascular and respiratory. Vascular chokes cut of oxygen to the brain by temporarily stopping the flow of blood to the brain, thus resulting in the subject "going to sleep". Respiratory chokes are much more dangerous and are never used. They end up cutting off oxygen to the brain by stopping the flow of air from the throat. Usually, when these types of chokes are applied the subject's windpipe is crushed and then they will need medical attention immediately to avoid brain damage or death! The Kali lock-flow has proven to be a very effective and efficient means of gaining control of resistant subjects, keeping you always, at least, one move ahead of your opponent throughout an engagement.
In ProPCT, flowing through the progression of "The Interview" > Body Manipulation > a Lock or Hold, usually ends in some sort of tie up or restraint if handcuffs are not used. This also tends to be the last part of a confrontation between an unruly subject and the professional. There are times where the subject successfully resists body manipulation attempts, as well as locking or holding. When this happens it is best to flow into some sort of takedown in order to subdue the subject. We draw primarily from Silat; an Indonesian pugilistic/grappling art known for its eclectic yet efficient forward-facing takedowns and throws. Progressive P.C.T. conceptually adheres to The Principles of a Good Takedown, and The 3 Principles of a Good Hold or Restraint as it relates to securing a subject for detention or arrest.
The ProPCT Principles of a Good Hold
- 360-degree awareness: this means that while you are restraining the subject you can see all around you. When holding a subject down is usually the time when their buddies attempt to show you a little "soft shoe"
- One or no arms to hold a subject: this means that you have at least one arm free to employ a weapon or handcuffs, ward people off onlookers, or signal for help
- Quick-release; easy to recover from: this means having the ability to disengage from the subject quickly in the event of their buddies coming to the subject's aid, assisting other professionals, or moving to neutralize the next subject.
- Forward-Facing: in ProPCT there are very few throws with the back to the subject. The reason being is that the professional wants to keep the subject in his or her sites at all times. That way you are aware if they have reached for a weapon or are attempting to reach for yours.
- Minimal effort is used to achieve takedown: this means you do not have to be wrapped up with the subject in order to affect the throw. By being to wrapped up or tied in with the opponent you may end up being counter-thrown or worse.
- Subject lands safely; they can catch themselves upon landing: this means that the subject does not land on a pile of broken glass, or on their head onto the pavement, or into oncoming traffic. It also means that the subject has a way of protecting him or herself from injury upon landing by having time to prepare for the fall or an arm free to help cushion the impact.
Somewhere between The Interview and restraining the subject it may become necessary to defend yourself with more aggressive tactics. Usually by that time you will have to defend yourself from an angry subject who doesn't want to negotiate, or who has escaped your grasp. So the next stage is...
Self Defense - or I like to coin the phrase, "Aggressive Negotiations". This is where it becomes necessary to employ as much force is necessary to neutralize the threat (i.e. getting the subject back under control), or finding an avenue of escape. Here it is very wise to remember "FORCE STOPS AT CONTROL"! It is also important to know your local laws and statues as they pertain to self-defense and Use of Force as a constabulary professional. Under the umbrella of Aggressive negotiations the professional is usually dealing with a full-fledged fight if not one they are directly involved in one where two or more are going at it. This requires a less refined approach to dealing with the engagement.
Police and bouncers (club doormen/women) are the candidates that are more likely to break up fights between individuals. By that time the subjects' egos, endorphins, and adrenaline are sky -rocketing. Subjects in this fight-or-flight state are a lot less likely to listen to reason once the professional has arrived on the scene. Cops have it easier than bouncers on this because there is still an inherent respect for the gun and the badge law enforcement official's posses. However, I am sure they encounter their share of people who just plain don't give a f***.
In situations such as these Silat, Dumog, and Muay Thai or Thai-boxing are useful. The professional must cover themselves like a boxer and wedge in-between, or ambush from the side, the warring factions and separate them by using large powerful body manipulations like the in Prumm position in the Thai-Boxing clinch. The professional should never hold or grab a warring party from behind. This may allow the other warring faction to get in a shot or two while their opponent is being held. Also, the person being grabbed may not be aware of who or what you are, or that you are trying to help them, and may attack you as well.
For self-defense, the professional may find himself or herself dealing with an irate subject who has escaped their attempts at subduing them and now are attacking them. Thai boxing is used to bring to bear the heavy artillery like knees and elbows to neutralize the threat quickly. In addition, many times the professionals will find themselves outnumbered. This is where an understating and use of zoning and angles from Kali, quick effective takedowns from Silat, and devastating blows from Muay Thai are indispensable in order to escape, survive, or even thrive in the event of multiple attackers.
Constabulary Professionals such as bouncers, bodyguards/Security, and law enforcement need to be able to flow seamlessly, almost effortlessly, yet elegantly from the Interview to neutralization of a dangerous subject while still being safe and maintaining a professional composure. New people inducted into these noble vocations also need tactics they can employ almost immediately. ProPCT is being developed to do just that.
P.C.T. Volume 1: Body Manipulations is the start of this series. This instructional martial arts video series will take you from "the interview" to complete neutralization of the threat. Here, in Volume 1, we will explore tactics from the little known Filipino Martial Arts sub-system of Dumog. Dumog (doo'mog) is a system of Filipino wrestling. Dumog techniques are comprised of a variety of pushes, pulls, weight shifts, and joint wrenches designed to move an opponent. In this video we will look at ways to "eject" or move an uncooperative subject using dumog-based tactics.
In Volume 2: Locks & Holds, a Kali lock-flow is introduced and discussed. Kali is synonymous with the terms for the Filipino Martial Arts Escrima or Arnis. It literally means "body motion". A Kali Lock-Flow is highlighted in Sifu Larry Hartsell's JKD book titled Jeet Kune Do Entering to Trapping to Grappling (c. 1984). The Flow featured in this volume is a modified version of the one featured in Sifu Hartsell's book, but the concept is the same. The lock-flow is included here, because it is usually the next step towards neutralization once a subject has escaped or resisted attempts at Body Manipulations highlighted in Volume 1 of this series.
In Volume 3: Holds & Takedowns we will draw primarily from Silat, an Indonesian pugilistic/grappling art known for its ecclectic yet efficient takedowns and throws. We will also explore The 3 Principles of a Good Takedown, and The 3 Prinicples of a Good Hold or Restraint as it relates to securing a subject for detention or arrest.
In Volume 4: Aggessive Negotiations, we will look into the arts of Kali and Lee-Jun Fan Gung Fu (JKD) to answer questions that arise once the sh*t hits the fan, and it is time to "get it on". In other words, it's either kick ass, or get yours kicked! We will also look at proven concepts on handling multiple opponent scenarios which are drawn heavily from Guro Paul Vunak's study in his video "Mass Attack". You will learn a variety of "Rallies"; which are lighting-fast, close-range combinations that give you devestating ways of quickly dispating attackers, as well as many more concepts and tactics that will help keep you safe and prepared!.
In Volume 5: Weapondry (Defensive Tactics), we will learn about defending against edged weapons, like broken bottles, and knives. We will also look at neutralizing attacks that involve blunt-trauma weapons, such as tire-irons, pool cues, etc... I will also share with you some of the "tools of the trade" that will help you remain safe as well as an effective, prepared professional.
Finally, in Volume 6: Weapondry (P.C.T.), we ask, and try to answer questions about the use of the kobutan(palm-stick), and the ASP (expandable baton) as tools that will help keep you and your environment safe.